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Spectrum

A number of different frequency ranges are available to utilise by those looking to offer Fixed Wireless connectivity within the UK. The sections below provide information on those frequencies most commonly utilised by MS Distribution's customers.

You can jump to the frequency range you're interested in by clicking on the relevant link below:


470-694Mhz
2.4Ghz
5.8Ghz
24Ghz
60Ghz
70-80Ghz

470 – 694MHz Spectrum


Formerly used for TV White Space devices, this unlicensed spectrum has been recently opened for use by Fixed Wireless devices.


2.4GHz Spectrum


The 2.4GHz band is the most common band for most wireless devices ranging from Home Routers and HotSpot locations e.g. Caravan Park, Shopping Centres and Cafés to Portable mobile devices such as Mobile Phones, Tablets and Games Consoles.

Wireless Standard for this band is shown as 802.11 b / g / n / ac.

The spectrum operating frequency range is 2412 – 2484MHz. The OFCOM /ETSI standard for UK Operating channels are between Channel 1 - 13.

The maximum EIRP (Effective Isotropic Radiated Power) is 20dBm / 100mW.

EIRP (dBm) = Output Power (dBm) + Antenna Gain (dBi)


2.4GHz Wireless 802.11 Standard


802.11 Protocol

Frequency

Channel Width (MHz)

Data Rate per Stream (Mbps)

Allowable MIMO Spatial Streams

Modulation

B

2.4GHz

20

11

1

DSSS

G

2.4GHz

20

54

1

OFDM

N

2.4GHz

20

72.2

4

OFDM/DSSS

AC

2.4GHz

20

96.3

8

OFDM/DSSS



2.4GHz Band Channels / Frequencies


2.4GHz Channel

Frequency (MHz)

2.4GHz Channel

Frequency (MHz)

1

2412

8

2447

2

2417

9

2452

3

2422

10

2457

4

2427

11

2462

5

2432

12

2467

6

2437

13

2472

7

2442

14

2484



5.8GHz Spectrum


The 5.8GHz band is becoming more available on wireless devices, including: Home Networks, HotSpot Locations (e.g. caravan parks, shopping centres and cafés) and Portable Mobile Devices.

Wireless Standard for this band is shown as 802.11 a / n / ac.

The spectrum operating frequency range is 5150 – 5850MHz. The OFCOM / ETSI standard for UK Operating channels split into 3 bands: Band A, Band B and Band C.

The maximum EIRP (Effective Isotropic Radiated Power) depends on which band is in use (see below).


5.8GHz Band A – UNII-1 Lower and UNII-2 Middle (5150 – 5350 MHz)

Indoor Use Only

Band A is used for indoor 5GHz use i.e Home Networks, Public HotSpots and Cafes.

The maximum EIRP for Band A is 23dBm / 200mW.


5.8GHz Band B – UNII-2 Extended (5470 – 5725 MHz)

Indoor and Outdoor Use

Band B is used for indoor and outdoor 5GHz use i.e Dual Band Routers, HotSpots and Cafes.

Band B can also be used by WISPs (Wireless Internet Service Providers) for connecting Access Points and CPEs (Client Premise Equipment).

The maximum EIRP for Band B is 30dBm / 1000mW.


5.8GHz Band C – UNII-3 Upper (5725 – 5850 Mhz)

Fixed Wireless Access

Band C is used for long range PtP (Point to Point) or in some cases (PtMP) (Point to Multi-Point) wireless links. For example, backhaul connectivity between two locations.

The maximum EIRP (Effective Isotropic Radiated Power) is 36dBm / 3891mW.

EIRP (dBm) = Output Power (dBm) + Antenna Gain (dBi).

Band C requires a “Lite Licence” known as the Fixed Wireless Access Licence. There is a fee of £1 per terminal, with a minimum fee of £50. The licence is obtained directly from Ofcom.

For more information, or to apply for your licence, visit Ofcom’s website.


5.8GHz Wireless 802.11 Standard


802.11 Protocol

Frequency

Channel Width (MHz)

Data Rate per Stream (Mbps)

Allowable MIMO Spatial Streams

Modulation

A

5.8GHz

20

54

1

OFDM

N

5.8GHz

20

72.2

4

OFDM/DSSS

5.8GHz

40

150

4

OFDM/DSSS

AC

5.8GHz

20

96.3

8

MIMO/OFDM

5.8GHz

40

200

8

MIMO/OFDM

5.8GHz

80

433.3

8

MIMO/OFDM

5.8GHz

160

866.7

8

MIMO/OFDM



5.8GHz Band Channels / Frequencies


Band

Channel

Centre Frequency (MHz)

Max Transmit Power (mW)

Use

Band A (UNII-1 Lower)

36

5180

200

Indoor Only

40

5200

200

Indoor Only

44

5220

200

Indoor Only

48

5240

200

Indoor Only

Band A (UNII-2 Middle)

52

5260

200

Indoor/DFS/TPC

56

5280

200

Indoor/DFS/TPC

60

5300

200

Indoor/DFS/TPC

64

5320

200

Indoor/DFS/TPC

Band B (UNII-2 Extended)

100

5500

1000

DFS/TPC

104

5520

1000

DFS/TPC

108

5540

1000

DFS/TPC

112

5560

1000

DFS/TPC

116

5580

1000

DFS/TPC

120

5600

1000

DFS/TPC

124

5620

1000

DFS/TPC

128

5640

1000

DFS/TPC

132

5660

1000

DFS/TPC

136

5680

1000

DFS/TPC

140

5700

1000

DFS/TPC

Band C (UNII-3 Upper)

149

5745

3891

DFS/TPC

153

5765

3891

DFS/TPC

157

5785

3891

DFS/TPC

161

5805

3891

DFS/TPC



24GHz Spectrum


The 24GHz spectrum is a licence free band. However, its use is limited as per the guidelines from OFCOM / ETSI.

The spectrum operating frequency range is 24.15 – 24.25GHz. The OFCOM/ETSI standard reference is IR2030/1/24 and EN300 440 (2013/752/EU band No. 70a).

The maximum EIRP (Effective Isotropic Radiated Power) is 20dBm / 100mW.

EIRP (dBm) = Output Power (dBm) + Antenna Gain (dBi)


60GHz Spectrum


The 60Ghz V Band spectrum (57-71GHz) is mostly licence free. Following an Ofcom amendment in 2021, any radios with an EIRP of 40-55dBm / transmit power above 27dBm will require the owner/operator to be in a possession of an EHF Licence.

The EHF Licence is a single licence that allows deployment of an unlimited number of devices within the designated spectrum (in this instance, 57-71GHz). It costs £75 and lasts for 5 years. The licence holder is responsible for keeping a record of all deployment locations (which Ofcom may request at any time) and ensuring that EMF requirements are met by conducting assessments on deployed devices.

Operators are required to be in a possession of an EHF Licence before installing new 60GHz devices. Those who already have deployed devices have until 30th November 2021 to acquire their licence.

You can find out more information, and apply for your EHF licence, on Ofcom’s dedicated webpage.


70–80GHz Spectrum


The 70-80GHz spectrum requires a "Lite license" which is obtained through Ofcom. The spectrum operating frequency range is 71.125 – 75.875GHz. The CEPT recommendation reference is ECC/REC (05)07.

The Ofcom coordinated Block range is: 71.125 – 73.125GHz. The Self Coordinated Block range is: 73.375 – 75.875GHz. Those looking to operate in the Self Coordinated Block range are required to obtain a OFW368 licence and register their link and licence using OFW383.

The maximum EIRP (Effective Isotropic Radiated Power) is 55dBW / 85dBm.

EIRP (dBm) = Output Power (dBm) + Antenna Gain (dBi).